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Articles related to depression, anxiety, narcissism.

CBD and Mental Health

CBD

Mental health is currently a national debate. In the past, it was a fringe topic even though millions of people with mental health problems remained undertreated. Today, mental health issues affect millions of people in America. The number of people taking anti-psychotic drugs is increasing. This has prompted health experts to search for better treatments for mental health problems.

CBD has been touted as a potential treatment for mental health disorders. Individuals with mental health disorders like depression and anxiety have turned to marijuana for relief. Cannabis has different strains or forms. And because many people can easily access it, they have smoked it as a way to relieve psychiatric illnesses. Unfortunately, this has exposed them to the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the chemical compound that gets a person high when they smoke marijuana.

As such, smoking cannabis is not the best way to relieve symptoms for people with mental health problems. That’s why a person may invest in cbd oil vape pen from vapingdaily to vaporize cannabidiol instead of smoking marijuana. That’s because smoking cannabis can exacerbate symptoms in some cases. CBD doesn’t have psychoactive substances. That’s why people with mental health problems are turning to it.

What is CBD?

CBD or cannabidiol is a naturally occurring compound in the industrial hemp plant. It is one of the many cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. But, unlike the other cannabinoids found in this plant, CBD is non-psychoactive. Its pharmacological profile is also different. CBD is extracted from the industrial hemp and marijuana plant. However, the hemp plant has more CBD and less THC. That’s why it’s the preferred source of pure CBD.

Research has shown that CBD has a therapeutic role in some mental disorders. However, before using this cannabidiol as a treatment for a mental health problem, it’s important to consult with a medical doctor. And though a person can use CBD for mental health, it should be combined with medication.

What Is Known So Far

Many people are interested in using CBD as a treatment for mental health problems like anxiety and depression. Celebrities like Kristen Bell and Jennifer Aniston that use CBD to ease depression and anxiety symptoms have driven this trend significantly.

But, before purchasing a CBD vape pen and starting using the cannabinoid as a treatment for a mental health issue, it’s wise to find out what is known so far. The benefits of using CBD and other cannabinoids for mental health are currently a buzz. This trend has even outpaced research.

Currently, there is inadequate evidence to suggest that CBD and other cannabinoids can help with symptoms of mental health issues like anxiety and depression. As such, some researchers urge physicians to avoid recommending them as mental health disorders’ treatment.

So far, there is little evidence suggesting that CBD can be used for mental illnesses. Most studies on CBD have focused on conditions like multiple sclerosis and chronic non-cancer pain. Depression and anxiety are largely considered as secondary symptoms in most studies.

CBD Can Help with Depression

Research has shown that CBD works by binding to a neurotransmitter known as 5-HT1A. Conventional psychiatric medications target the same receptor. Studies have shown that one dose of CBD provides antidepressant-like effects the day a person receives the treatment and the beneficial effect can be maintained for a week.

Today, many people are taking CBD claiming that it helps in relieving stress-related symptoms of anxiety. Others say it helps them function and sleep better.

CBD Can Help with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is a common condition that affects people that have witnessed, experienced, or perceived life-threatening injury or trauma. Some of the most common symptoms of this condition include nightmares, mood swings, anxiety, violence, depression, and suicidal thoughts.

Research has suggested that CBD might help people with this condition. That’s because CBD affects how the brain organizes memories and connects them with emotions in individuals experiencing trauma.

Some experiments have suggested that CBD affects the levels of endocannabinoids like 2-AG or anandamide. And, this can potentially benefit people with PTSD. Researchers are yet to explain how trauma and stress affect mental health and the best ways of managing its effects. As such, CBD research could be the only hopeful path for discovering more effective and safer medicines.

Psychiatrists Recommend Cautious Use of CBD for Mental Health

If you or a loved one has a mental health problem, don’t rush to buy CBD oil vape pen and start using it as a treatment. Many people are turning to cannabinoids as a treatment for their chronic pain treatment blindly.

Currently, there is inadequate evidence to conclusively show that CBD can help with mental health disorders. Therefore, people should be cautious about their use of CBD and other cannabinoids as a treatment for mental health conditions. That’s because if poorly treated or untreated, some mental health disorders can get worse.

Using CBD to treat some mental illnesses can lead to negative side effects in some cases. What’s more, the cannabidiol that a person buys and uses in a non-study setting can have contaminants that can have negative effects on their overall health. So, before buying and using a disposable CBD vape pen for mental health, find out about the origin of the product.

Instead of self-medicating with CBD, experts recommend working with reputable mental health providers they are comfortable with. That way, their improvement of symptoms, as well as, potential side effects can be monitored and addressed properly.

The Bottom Line

Research indicates that more people are using cannabinoids as a treatment for mental health disorders. These include people with depression and anxiety who use marijuana for self-medicating. However, there is no sufficient evidence to support the use of CBD and other cannabinoids in treating mental health conditions. What’s available at the moment is a potential promise that CBD might help with mental health conditions. As such, further research is required to determine if CBD can help improve mental health or treat disorders like anxiety and depression. Therefore, any individual that wants to use cannabinoids for mental health should consult with their doctor before purchasing and using a CBD oil vape pen starter kit.

Does ED medication help increase the chance of conception?

Erectile dysfunction (ED) can be as embarrassing as it is frustrating, and it can happen when you least expect it. There have been numerous studies conducted on the link between ED and conception. While impotence is completely different from and far less complicated than sterility, it can still affect a couple’s ability to have children. 

If you and your partner have been trying for a baby with no luck, and you sometimes suffer impotence, it may be time for you to look into safe and easy treatments. If you’re wondering whether ED medication can increase the chances of conception, the answer is yes. But, only if used with caution. 

Here’s what you need to know about impotence and how to treat it. 

What is ED and what causes it? 

Usually, ED is the inability to get or keep a stiff erection throughout intercourse. This can be caused by a hormonal imbalance, unhealthy prostate, or metabolic syndrome, which can cause fluctuations in blood pressure. Other causes can be drug abuse, alcoholism, sclerosis, and other health complications that affect the overall health of your body as well as your sex drive and erectile function. Some causes, however, are psychological. The common symptom of ED is a low sex drive, delayed or absent discharge as well as premature discharge. When the causes are emotional, sex therapy has been proven to improve the condition. In the majority of cases, however, this is often not the case.

The blue pill 

While you may think that the most logical way to treat impotence is by addressing the cause of it, not all causes are life-threatening or treatable. Some disabilities or diseases are either untreatable or take years to subside completely. An easy and safe way to overcome impotence is through chewable ED pills. 

Just make sure you order them from a trusted source, and that you consult your doctor before taking any medications. Once you start taking them, you’d be surprised how quick and efficient they are, even in the most extreme cases of ED. They also help with premature discharge, and many individuals report lasting longer and being able to retain a stiff erection for a sufficient period of time. 

The link between impotence and conception 

As one of the primary symptoms of ED involves complications with discharge, this can reduce a couple’s chances of successful conception. Even in cases where discharge is successful, the sperm introduced to the female body is seldom strong enough to move through the fallopian tubes and fertilize an egg. If your doctor prescribes you ED pills, make sure you follow your physician’s instructions and never abuse the medication, as great amounts can negatively affect fertility by causing an over-increase in sperm, which cannot penetrate an egg. 

Alongside medication, it’s important for your partner to be emotionally supportive, as this can greatly affect impotence. And while pills can cause immediate improvement in erection sustenance and stiffness, it takes time for the medication to work on sperm count and quality, until your body can adapt to the newly introduced drug.

Impotence is not the same as infertility and should never be treated as such. The simplest and most affordable medications can make a massive difference when taken under medical supervision. As embarrassing as the condition may be, you should never be ashamed to see a professional about ED.

Noise Pollution – A Serious Risk to Health and Wellbeing?

Blocking out noise with and without earplugs at night is something many people have tried. We have all been woken up by the noise, leaving us burying the head in the pillow or reaching for the earplugs.  It can be a severe problem because, according to research, environmental noise can have a real impact on health, so what does it do, and how can we deal with it?  

The modern world is noisy! Traffic, transport, noisy streets, neighbors, sirens, trains, TV sets, the list is endless, and if you live in an urban environment or live close to a major road or flight path, you will often be woken up by the noise.

The Health Risks of Night-time Noise Pollution

Lack of sleep caused by noise pollution can cause serious problems. Lack of sleep is linked to numerous mental health issues, including anxiety and depression. Being kept awake at night raises your stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline levels, so it increases feelings of stress and anger the next day.

Lack of sleep leaves you feeling tired and unable to perform and indirectly can lead to mistakes such as traffic accidents.

Being regularly disturbed by external noise at night causes your heart to beat faster and your blood pressure to rise. According to health experts, your body never becomes accustomed to being disturbed by noise, even if your brain accepts it as being just part of modern life. 

Beware; lack of sleep due to noise has been linked with a higher incidence of heart attacks and diseases related to blood pressure.

According to the World Health Organisation, who carried out research in Europe, noise pollution from roads has led to the loss of one million years of the life of otherwise healthy Europeans.

How Loud is Too Loud?

According to research, a level of 55 decibels is enough to disrupt many sleepers. This is the equivalent to light traffic noise or conversational speech. An alarm clock is usually 80 decibels, but with the average emergency siren kicking in at 115 decibels and a passing motorbike as high as 100 decibels, if you live in a busy area, you are highly likely to be woken up from your sleep.

Sudden noises are more likely to wake you than low-level background noise. However, we are all different, and a noise that affects one sleeper may not disturb another, so in many cases, you can be left fuming and lying awake all night while your partner sleeps peacefully.

This will be made worse if your partner snores or suffers from sleep apnoea, adding to the noise pollution in your bedroom.

Whether it is a snoring partner or a motorway, your only solution is to block out the noises that disturb your sleep, and for this, you have a range of options. 

Blocking Out Noise with and without Earplugs

Earplugs are the most obvious choice to block out noise and sleep in silence, but they are not the only solution.

You can also use sound to block out external noise, and this can have very positive effects on health.

A white noise machine, for example, provides a steady restful noise that is enough to mask external noise pollution, and many people find this very effective.

You can also listen to natural sounds through sleep headphones, such as the sound of the wind blowing, raindrops, or the sound of the sea.

Another option is to listen to peaceful music through headphones or even through a sleep pillow designed for this purpose.

 If you are regularly disturbed by noise at night, the most important thing is to act now so that you can be sure of getting a good night’s sleep. Lack of sleep is a significant health issue and should not be ignored, and although many people do not take this issue seriously, all the health authorities agree it is a serious problem that can lead to life-threatening repercussions. 

The good news is that with so many solutions on the market to block out noise with or without headphones, you can be confident that you will find the right one that works for you.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Can Affect Anyone

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Can Affect Anyone

You might have heard the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in regard to a person who has witnessed or been involved in an emotionally disturbing, horrific event, which they have not managed to properly process internally, and they are left experiencing it mentally, emotionally, and physically as a result some time after it, with the horrific memory replaying in their mind over and over.

One of the causes of this can be shock. When the painful experience or danger has passed, and you’re in a non-threatening, safe situation some time after it, the smallest memories can be activated like an alarm as stress hormones spike.

Then the amygdala, a part of the brain which plays a primary role in forming and storing memories related to emotional events, sends a signal to your body to falsely suggest that you’re still in danger.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can be diagnosed if a person has been experiencing persistent distress and fear for some time after a traumatic event.

Oftentimes, certain experiences can spring up these strong feelings of terror. Sounds, smells, and even feelings which aren’t related to the painful event can trigger a traumatic memory, causing the person to relive the negative feelings and fear.

Oftentimes, a person will manage to properly process an upsetting or painful event in time, rationalizing any unresolved feelings and irrational fear and allowing the brain to check the emotions, thus leaving the painful memory in their past and making peace with it.

Unfortunately, there are a lot of people out there that aren’t able to process and free themselves from traumatic memories. This inability can leave people unable to handle everyday life as well as struggling with their inner self.

A person can suffer from PTSD as a result of witnessing or being involved in a car accident, witnessing death, being attacked, undergoing a medical procedure, experiencing difficult labor, and there’re many more reasons. But, what the sufferer, those who are close to them, and everyone else needs to remember is that each incident is personal to each individual and should always be respected.

So, if there’s a traumatic experience in your past which appears to be niggling you or upsetting you to the point it prevents you from living a happy, rich, and fulfilling life, first think about whether you’re ready to address it. And if you are, know that there are various ways in which you can manage to process the event and make peace with the trauma.

If you find talking with a friend or family member the most difficult thing to muster up the energy to do, you can try ‘Facing the fear’ activity.

To successfully do this activity, first you need to think about what the event was which caused these feelings of distress and fear. Take yourself back to that moment in your mind from a disassociated position. Try to notice the feelings and emotions slightly. You might also like to close your eyes.

After you’ve taken yourself to the beginning of the emotionally disturbing or traumatic memory, try to take yourself back only a little bit further to the moment before this occurred – the moment you were feeling relaxed and peaceful.

Now imagine that you are in your sitting room and watching TV. A video of your ‘memory’ is on the TV, on pause at the point when you are feeling relaxed. Now, try to imagine taking the remote control, walking out of the room, and closing the door imagining that there’s a window in it so that you can look in.

Finally, in your ‘mind’s eye,’ press ‘play’ and let your memory play out from the moment before the event occurred to the end. Repeat the same five times from that disassociated position behind the door. Each time should come easier and easier and make you be more in control of your emotions and memories.

This activity shows us that the brain does what we tell it and show it, which means that the more you experience the good ‘before’ feelings, the better you can feel about anything that causes you to feel upset or afraid.

In addition, know that talking about your traumatic memory to a friend or family member that you trust and you can fully rely on can greatly help you process your trauma and make sense of your experience.

And in case this kind of help is not what you need to make peace with the traumatic event, make sure you seek professional help.

Guide towards the right eye care physician

Eyes are considered as one of the most vital organs. The eye injury is considered as grievous injury. Consequently, it becomes vital to keep a check on any visual impairment you suffer from and fix an appointment with a competent physician. For this reason, it is essential to have a crystal-clear idea about the eye physician according to your condition for the best treatment. And this is why we created this article with the help of See and Be Seen to ensure that you are able to get the best possible Physician for yourself.

Sign and symptoms requiring your attention

  1. Constant prolonged and frequent headaches.
  2. The blurring of vision and eye infection.
  3. In case of blocked tear duct in an infant.
  4. Foreign object sensation and chemical burns in eyes
  5. Squint, intense eye pain.
  6. In case of flashes and floaters.

Points to keep in mind while selecting the right physician

  1. The speciality of the physician
  2. An Optometrist is a primary eye care doctor. He does the regular eye examination of vision and corrects the refractive error with the help of eyeglasses and contact lenses. Also, he provides low vision care and therapy.
  3. An Ophthalmologist is a specialist who deals with the major eye disorders already developed and perform surgery if required. He deals with diseases such as glaucoma, Diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, etc.
  4. An optician is a technician who designs and provides fitting of the glasses and contact lenses as prescribed by the physician.

Henceforth, it becomes extremely important to choose the physician depending upon your condition. In some conditions, the optometrist and ophthalmologist work together to provide vision care and rehabilitation therapy.

it is advised to visit a specialist depending upon your disease specifically when the disease is already developed. For a regular examination and eye infections such as dry eyes visit your primary health care provider. In disorders like Diabetes and hypertension, it is recommended to visit the ophthalmologist regularly and as advised.

  1. Availability of the physician
  2. make sure that the physician is available and accessible to you so that you can go for a follow up from time to time as well as in case of an emergency.
  3. Find a physician who listens to your case and problems before prescribing you the medications. 
  1. Referrals: the tried and tested
  1. Nothing equals the Word of mouth and personal experience by your relatives and friends. As eyes are  sensitive, It becomes essential to have a trustworthy and reliable review to avoid medical negligence.

Frequency of examination

 the eye care appointment routine directly depends upon your age.

  • During the 20’s it is advised to get your eyes tested annually while the frequency doubles as you age further in 30’s
  • In adults as directed by the physician depending upon your health issues.
  • similarly, children are tested just after birth, at the age of 6 months and in 3 years, further, they are tested at their schools as they grow up in their schools at regular intervals.

Points to be noted while visiting a doctor

  1. Carry your medical history along with recent medications and prescriptions.
  2. Carry your last spectacles for review.
  3. Take the latest blood reports, if done any that may prove helpful in evaluation and analysis for arriving at a diagnosis.

The procedure of your examination

A physician will do certain tests for arriving at a right diagnosis and they may vary depending upon the individual

  1. A usual visual acuity test can be performed to check the refractive error.
  2. A colour blindness test will be performed to check the visual defects.
  3. Pressure within the eyes will be measured to rule out conditions such as glaucoma.
  4. The retinal examination will be performed to know about the underlying pathology.
  5. Other tests may be advised to rule out about conditions such as diabetes, cataract and hypertension. These disorders affect the vessels within the eyes at a drastic level and cause rapid damage.

Precautions to be taken

  1. During the procedure, the physician will pour medicine within the eyes that will lead to the widening of the pupil. It may last for 2 to 4 hours, therefore, it is recommended to carry the sunglasses with you and to avoid driving.
  2. It is recommended to remove your contact lenses in case of red eyes or any infection as it will aggravate the condition.
  3. If symptoms don’t resolve or worsen within 24 hours, it is advised to fix an appointment urgently.
  4. Do not use the shared towels and make up items. Use uncontaminated water to cleanse your eyes.

WHO aims to reduce the preventable cause of sickness to avoid vision loss. The subject has been added upon the 2014 – 2019 year under the global health action plan in universal eye health title that aims to provide rehabilitation therapies for visually impaired people. 

Why Every Woman Have to Try CrossFit in a West Hollywood Gym

You have heard about it a lot, do you have what it takes to give it a go?

CrossFit has taken the world by storm and every community has a local box where believers converge. There is this notion however that CrossFit is only for meatheads and gym rats that have little life outside of working out. But this simply is not true. If you have had any chance to take a gander at the West Hollywood Gym you would see that there are a lot of CrossFitters from various walks of life that may even surprise you. CrossFit works for every age and gender and there are no requirements like fitness level and you certainly need not come from an athletic background.

Women everywhere have decided to pick up CrossFit and are loving it. Women with varying backgrounds from office workers, to varsity athletes and even stay at home moms have tried the exercise phenom and are loving every bit of it. You may be scared because of the emphasis on intensity when we talk about CrossFit. While there is a semblance of truth in that, you do not have to worry because, rest assured you will be working at your speed.

In this article, we will take a look at CrossFit by listing some of the reasons that may convince you and other women to face up to the challenge.

West Hollywood Gym: CrossFit Can Help You Learn Form

Exercising is not all about strength and endurance training. Flexibility and form are also valuable attributes that you want to improve as you start to develop your physicality. Strength training is one of the reasons women in general are drawn away from the more intense forms of workouts like CrossFit for instance. In crossfit however, also lies the solution to the exact problem. CrossFit emphasis form among other things and improving in such can allow you to further improve your strength through training.

The reason why form is important is because injury is area concern when strength training. Without proper form, you are at risk of hurting yourself and setting back all the gains that you have gotten. Have you ever been to the inside of a gym and simply feel intimidated by the sizes and shapes of the equipment that you pass by? Well, with CrossFit, you can improve your form and say goodbye to those worries.

In CrossFit, form is one of the focal points of study that your trainer will try to push into you. This way, you gain the advantage of learning the correct posture before doing the more advanced workouts.

West Hollywood Gym: CrossFit Will Keep You Wanting

Study shows that the number one reason for failing exercise regimens is actually boredom. Having to do repetitive movements over and over does induce that exact feeling especially when it has to be done in the same place at the same time. In CrossFit however, you get to enjoy the exercise not dissimilar to aerobics and dance exercises like zumba.

CrossFit, they say, is both an exercise regimen and a sport. The creators of CrossFit noticed a certain intensity to playing sports that simply does not translate into workouts. And they had the brilliant idea of incorporating aspects of sport into the exercises themselves. This way CrossFitters will be determined and driven to do the best that they can.

As with any sport, CrossFit introduces competition. Sometimes you fight against other CrossFitters, and in other times, with yourself. You try to beat your times, number of repetitions, and other measures. This ensures that you always give out your all when exercising and also keeps the entire experience fun. You will never get bored knowing that a moment wasted will result in you losing against whoever you are competing with.

West Hollywood Gym: You Know That You are Improving

One of the reasons it is quite difficult to be a woman is because everything seems to take quite a long time to show improvements. A weight loss program, skin tone, even growing hair are all tedious endeavors. In CrossFit however, you know that you are gaining something each time you finish your session. Each exercise is measurable which tells you exactly how much you have improved since the last time that you have been there. And because the exercise usually pushes you, the results are normally quick to materialize especially if you just started.

The more you do it, the better the results are. Women, in general start going back more frequently in boxes the longer they are doing CrossFit. The thrill of investing on one’s own body is simply something that each woman want.

West Hollywood Gym: You Will Look Damn Good

Let us face the simple fact that women love to look good. And one of the main insecurities of women today is how their bodies look. Are we curvy enough, thin enough, or are my glutes showing? While only a happy side benefit, looking good does come with exercising. The more you work out, the healthier you get, and the healthier you are the better you look. These are mere facts I am stating and CrossFit will help you get there faster than most kinds of exercises.

CrossFit exercises can help you tone certain parts of your body. You will do a lot of crunches and squats that will flatten your belly and shape your curves. And because you will be increasing your muscle mass dramatically, you can eat whatever you want without gaining a pound of fat. A leaner body will make you look good and feel good as well.

West Hollywood Gym: CrossFit will Adjust for You

CrossFit is made to be scalable meaning you can workout at your own pace without worrying about over-exerting yourself. Exercises can be done at lower intensities and fewer repetitions until you feel ready to go further. This means that you can start wherever you want.

It Is RSV Season, So Please Refrain From Kissing The Babies

If you’ve seen parents sharing photos on social media, asking that people refrain from kissing their baby, doctors say that they have a sound reason for that.

As flu season approaches, local doctors are advising parents on what to look out for in their babies and how to protect them from contracting viral infections.

According to WebMD, RSV is often mistaken for cold since it starts out with mild symptoms, such as cough, stuffed nose, and low-grade fever. But, this virus can be much more serious, especially for children under six months and young children who have chronic diseases.

Respiratory syncytial virus is, in fact, the most common cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in children younger than one year of age in the U.S. 

Children that are at highest risk for developing serious illness from respiratory syncytial virus include those that:

Have chronic lung or heart disease

Were born prematurely

Have neuromuscular disorders

Have a weakened immune system

How to Spot the Symptoms of RSV Infection

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, people infected with respiratory syncytial virus usually display symptoms within 4 to 6 days after contracting it, and they are usually contagious for three to eight days.

RSV often starts out with cold-like symptoms, such as: sneezing, coughing, runny nose, decrease in appetite, and fever. And in very young infants infected with the virus, the only symptoms may be decreased activity, irritability, and breathing difficulties.

When it comes to the breathing difficulties a child infected with RSV might have, fast breathing, flaring the nostrils, or pushing the belly in and out are all signs that your baby is having trouble breathing.

How Can You Protect Your Child?

Respiratory syncytial virus is very contagious. It spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs. You can get infected if you touch a surface which has the virus on it and then touch your eyes, nose, or mouth before washing your hands.

The best way to prevent your child from contracting RSV infection is with good hand hygiene. Throughout the day, often wash your hands as well as your child’s hands with soap and warm water. Additionally, clean countertops and other surfaces that can harbor germs.

Keep infected visitors away from your child and make sure healthy ones wash their hands before touching or kissing your child.

If your child is infected with RSV, make sure you keep them home from daycare or school so as to avoid spreading the infection to other children. Teach them to cover their nose and mouth with a tissue or their upper shirt sleeve, not their hands, whenever they sneeze or cough.

Also, don’t smoke around your child. Being exposed to tobacco smoke in the home will make your child more vulnerable to the RSV infection.

Last but not least, now that you know how susceptible infants are to RSV infection, next time you see a baby and think to yourself, “Oh, it’s so cute, I simply need to kiss it,” – please refrain from doing so.

I’ve seen pictures of other babies floating around the Internet with this caption. It’s one I can get behind. Almost…

Posted by Faith, Farming and Family on Wednesday, October 17, 2018

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Activity — United States, July 2008–December 2009MMWR. 2010;59:230-3.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Activity — United States, July 2007–June 2011MMWR. 2011;60:1203-6.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Activity — United States, July 2011–January 2013MMWR. 2013;62:141-4.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Circulation in the United States, July 2012–June 2014MMWR. 2014;62:141-4.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Circulation in the United States, July 2016–2017MMWR. 2018;67(2):71–76

College Depression: What Parents Need to Know

Depression has been a prevailing topic in the current media discussion. The doctors express their concerns that more and more people, especially young people, are diagnosed with anxiety, panic attacks, and depression. Many blame social media,  political climate, bad economy, eating habits and many more. However, there is another common reason that’s often met among young people. It is college. Now, of course, college per se is not to blame. However, the stress that comes with it typically can be too much for unprepared students and their parents. The transition from a parent’s house to college is an emotional and challenging process. Students often have trouble dealing with it on their own. Hence, depression in college is a very common problem. We have prepared a guide for parents on what they need to know to help their depressed child. 

What is college depression?

First of all, let’s just clear the air by saying college depression is not a separate diagnosis. It is the same disease, but with the name of the cause in a title. Depression is a mood disorder that makes people feel apathy or deep sadness for a prolonged period of time. The one suffering from it can’t just “snap out” of it. At first, a person may not even be aware of having depression.

What parents should know

Parents should know that it is a disease just like any other. Sometimes just because there are no physical visible symptoms doesn’t mean a person doesn’t suffer. Though, there are a number of behavioral symptoms that come with it. A depressed person is prone to stop doing things that used to bring joy. They become more passive, stop any spot activity. They tend to stay in more than go out, be alone instead of meeting with people. Their eating and sleeping habits may vary as well, such as loss or gain in appetite, insomnia. Fortunately, you can always get help from a customwriting essay writing service. Because they start having problems in school.

What parents should do

Just be understanding. Depression is never easy and often it comes with the feeling of guilt. Young people are especially prone to feel guilty for being depressed. There is a number of reasons for that. Most often, this period in their life comes with the expectation of fun. College students should go to parties, meet new friends, start new relationships and so on. But when you constantly don’t feel like fun, you start developing the feeling of guilt and shame. As there is something wrong with you. And it’s not. Also, students often simply don’t want to upset their parents, knowing that they worry about them.

As a parent, you also shouldn’t doubt their depression. Of course, parents believe it their duty to try to fix everything. So when your child tells you he or she is sick, normally the initial reaction would be to fix it. You can’t. Just accept that. Only a specialist can help to treat the illness. By offering all alternative methods, trying to cheer them up you make them feel worse. That feeling of guilt will pop up again forcing a child to pretend they feel better than they actually do.

Sometimes all you need to is to be there for them. Let them express their feelings and listen to what they have to say. Usually, a simple fact of acknowledging another person’s emotions helps more than all attempts to cheer them up.

Conclusion

We hope you have found this brief helpful for understanding your child better. Just remember, all they need from you, and all you can do, frankly, is just to be there for them. Support them, show them love but also let them space to breathe. Depression is something a person has to meet face to face and no one can help this person till he or she is ready to work on it. No one says it is an easy journey. Though, having the support of your loved ones surely smoothes the ride and makes it more tolerable. Just let your child you are there for them no matter what. Don’t forget to express your love to them with every opportunity. Stay safe!

BIO

Sandra Larson is a writer and a mental health advocate. Sandra shares her own tips on overcoming depression and anxiety. For instance, she encourages people to hike, practice yoga and meditate every day.

10 Things You Should Never Say To Someone Who Is Having Anxiety

Things You Should Never Say To Someone Who Is Having Anxiety

Someone once said to me… “You know what anxiety feels like? Imagine that your brain is a TV and someone else has the remote.”

The truth is… Anxiety can completely overwhelm your body and could your judgment. It is a mental state in which one cannot really think straight. An unpleasant emotional state for which the cause is never really identified. A feeling that cannot be controlled and avoided. That is why oftentimes, helping a friend or a partner who struggles with this issue is considered a pretty difficult and challenging job.

What these people need is compassion and understanding, but what we usually provide them with is quite the opposite. That is the sad reality that most of us realize only after they’ve already done the damage.

So, know this. Even though your heart is in the right place and you wish nothing but happiness for these people, encouraging them that they need to “smile more” and “calm down” can only backfire way worse than you expect.

If you really want to help a person who is struggling with anxiety, here are 10 phrases you must avoid telling them:

1. CALM DOWN

Calming down is the goal. So, if you know any useful methods for relaxing, make sure to share them with your friend. But, please, whatever you decide to do, don’t suggest that they should just calm down. If they could do that now, they would.

2. LIFE IS SHORT TO BE GRUMPY

Yes, life is short. And we all give our best to make the most of it. But saying this to a person who cannot find a way to calm their loud insecurities and control themselves is a bad idea. These people know that there are better ways to live life, so this knowledge hurts them even more.

 Should Never Say Anxiety

3. IN A FEW YEARS, YOU WILL LAUGH ABOUT THESE THINGS

This might be true. But don’t you think that saying this to someone who goes through a panic attack means denying their pain and not acknowledging their condition?

Remember. When someone is panicking, they don’t need logic. They need understanding and compassion. The validation that it is okay to feel scared is what helps them go through the pain.

4. IT’S NOT A BIG DEAL, SO DON’T MAKE IT ONE

For them, it is a big deal. Get that in your head! When you say, “It’s not a big deal” to an anxious person, what you actually mean is “stop overreacting”. That is how it sounds and that is how the anxious mind interprets it. Instead, try “I know it is difficult, but I am here to help you”.

5. IT’S ALL IN YOUR HEAD

Yes, all of their thoughts and fears come from their confused minds, but that doesn’t mean that you should neglect their emotions. Their emotions are real, regardless of how much you believe in them. So, when a person is having anxious thoughts, the only thing that can help them is a reminder that those thoughts are natural. Instead of blaming them that it’s all in their head, try to make them understand that acceptance is the first step to growth.

6. THINGS CAN BE A LOT WORSE

Statements like this trigger guilt and self-hate. And you can probably guess what comes next. A hurricane of anxiety attacks. If you want to help someone who struggles with anxiety, shaming them is not the way to do it.

7. YOU HAVE TO BE MORE POSITIVE

Let’s be more realistic. No one is positive all of the time. So, telling someone to be more positive is suggesting that they should pretend to be fine when really, they aren’t. Instead of forcing them to miraculously become more positive, show these people what it looks like to be positive. Love them for who they are and help them overcome the obstacles.

8. SURROUND YOURSELF WITH FRIENDS

I know this sounds like the right thing to do when a person feels sad and alone, but sometimes not even friends can soothe this pain. So, when someone with anxiety wishes to be left alone, let them be. I know you’d give everything to take that pain away from them, but you are not that powerful.

9. JUST SUCK IT UP AND MOVE ON

Having anxiety is bad enough as it is. Sucking it up is not the right way to overcome the pain. Saying this is implying that an anxious person is a coward who cannot take responsibility for their behavior.

10. YOU ARE OVERANALYZING AGAIN

That is the very nature of this disorder. Pointing out the obvious in the middle of a panic attack will not make it better. Only worse. Do your best to never minimize or invalidate someone’s struggle with anxiety. They are not overreacting, they are coping.

What you can do to manage depression during the pregnancy?

First, you need to be positive for your pregnancy. According to researches, it has been considered that an unwanted pregnancy becomes a reason of depression in women. If you are the one who was not prepared for the pregnancy either mentally or financially then you must understand that you are going to deliver a child (a new life). 

What is the mistake of that child why he has to suffer for your mistake? Just remember one thing that if you are giving birth then it must be healthy and normal. Make yourself positive towards pregnancy and say thanks to God for this lovely gift.

Pregnancy is duration of nine months in which you need to be very careful about your health and nutrition. During this situation a woman can’t handle all the things with herself. She needs support of her husband to share her feelings, problems and needs. Women must be prepared to adapt all the changes like weight gain and body aches. It has been come that most of the women come in depression during pregnancy just because they don’t look attractive like before.

Well, let me clear one thing that pregnancy is not a period of whole life rather it is period of nine months. After this duration you will able to see you back as you were before. Over weight can be reduced but don’t take stress because once you have lost your child you will not able to get it back. There are many cosmetic creams available that can remove your stomach scars after pregnancy but no one will help you to get back your child.

You are the mother and you have taken responsibility to introduce a new life in this world. During this period you need to do such things which can make you happy and keep you away from the depression. What things you can do to reduce depression during pregnancy. The best one is to join yoga classes that are especially made for pregnant women. Here, you can share and discuss your feeling with other expecting women. This sharing can help you to overcome some worse situations. Another side, you can join cooking classes where you can learn recipes of health food during pregnancy.

As becoming mother make you self happy because your happiness will bring a healthy child for you. Do you want an abnormal baby? No, any mother would not able to see her child abnormal. So keep smiling and all the best for your pregnancy.

In 2019, how to lose weight (and keep it off!)

  1. Make it a way of life

Make slow changes to incorporate it with your present lifestyle when implementing a fresh diet and training program.Evite “fad” or “extreme” diets in the short term because you may bounce back. Think about it! You’ll likely discover yourself struggling if you force yourself into a “chicken and broccoli” diet or some sort of juice cleanse. Restrictive diets will make your body more anxious about the foods you want, which may eventually lead to binging.

Instead, cyclical ketogenic diet take quick and processed foods off slowly. Start buying healthy, nutrient-dense foods you’re enjoying. Find out what’s working for you! A lifestyle you can say, “Hey, I can handle this long-term and appreciate it!”.

This was NOT long-term sustainability! I looked good, but I felt mentally and physically awful.

  1. You don’t have to stick to the gym

There’s so much weight loss! To make it happen, you don’t need to sign up for a gym membership. Find what you like and fit in with your lifestyle! Have fun with that! Various ways of sweating and burning calories:

  • Yoga (frequent or warm)
  • Martial arts (Brazilian jiu-jitsu, boxing, Muay Thai, etc.)
  • Circus or acrobatics

I do a blend of Brazilian jiu-jitsu and gym for myself! Whenever I can, I go to the BJJ courses at night after work, then I add morning gym sessions to my program if I can squeeze them in. It’s worked for me! I strongly suggest that you try various stuff and see what you like!

  1. Set your own weight loss objective

That’s a clear must! With a goal, you can’t just begin something fresh blindly. Figure what you want to accomplish in order to understand what to do! Whether it’s looking aesthetically better, feeling stronger physically and mentally, or competing in a sport. Once you’re set to an end objective, you’ll be more driven every day to work towards it.

My 2019 diet and training objectives are to enhance my strength, stamina, and explosivity. I want to concentrate on my BJJ practice and use my gym workouts as a manner to complement my physical shape. As far as diet is concerned, I will concentrate on eating healthy, well-balanced meals intuitively.

  1. Don’t count on the scale

I know, this article is about loss of weight and I’m telling you not to depend on it. There’s a reason for this, and that’s because your progress isn’t always accurately represented by the scale.

Probably before you heard it: muscle weighs more than fat, and it’s true. Your weight also fluctuates constantly depending on the moment of day, whether you ate or not, how much water you drank, month time (ladies, you understand what I’m talking about), etc. It will only haunt you to rely on the scale as the mean for your advancement.

Instead, take pictures of progress, measure yourself, or keep your lifts recorded. Focus on how you look and feel progressive changes! You’re feeling leaner? Do you gain muscle? Will your lifts become stronger? Concentrate on what matters to you.

  1. Don’t do cardio hours

According to https://www.ketogenicsupplementsreview.com Lastly, the answer isn’t always cardio. I suggest cardio improve your cardiovascular, strength but too much can burn off your muscle. Find a nice equilibrium between training for cardio and resistance. Another excellent way to burn fat is high-intensity cardio, also known as HIIT cardio. You can do a 30-minute killer circuit instead of spending an hour on the treadmill that will leave you soaked! Start incorporating some kind of resistance training into your program if you’re not doing it yet. You can use bands of weights or strength! Do anything that makes you feel comfortable!

I hope that these tips have been useful! May 2019 is a wonderful one for us all! Cheers for good fresh beginnings! If you’ve got your own tips or tricks, I’d love to understand!

Starting ‘Em Young: Social Emotional Learning Curriculum for Adults: Is it too late? Learning Curriculum for Kids

Social emotional learning or SEL is the process through which people are taught to process their emotions better or more effectively. As a result, they develop strong social skills that will allow them to react, adapt, and function well in any social setting they may encounter in life.

Both children and adults are able to benefit from a social emotional learning curriculum. But in the same way that prevention is better than a cure, starting them young is much more preferred than having them start as adults

Prevention is Better Than a Cure: Social Emotional Learning Curriculum for Kids

It’s important to teach children how to manage their emotions as early as possible because it’s definitely more challenging to teach adults!

Children Learn New Things Faster than Adults

A kid’s mind is basically built to absorb information and learn whereas an adult’s is built to perform given everything they’ve learned over the span of their life.

A kid’s still-developing prefrontal cortex gives them the ability to be inventive, creative, and flexible. In contrast, thanks to the development of their prefrontal cortex, adults often just see things as they are.

Given this, kids will find it easier to absorb SEL lessons than adults would.

Children Require Minimal Correction

As kids are still young and have yet to experience much of the world, chances are that SEL lessons will not be in conflict with the things they’ve learned and the skills they’ve developed in life. More often than not, when it comes to SEL, kids will require very minimal to no corrections in learnings and behavior.

Most adults, on the other hand, would have to unlearn behaviors that would hinder their growth SEL-wise. For instance, an adult may have learned to feel safe in isolation or learned to build up walls as a defense mechanism against things they find hurtful. Unlearning these behaviors to develop their SEL would take a lot of time and effort.

A child who has not developed these behaviors can breeze through an SEL curriculum with ease.

Good Impact from the Get Go

A child with strong social and emotional skills is a child who can positively impact the world from early on.

By teaching a child SEL, we minimize his chances of negatively affecting anyone with bad social and emotional skills.

Children Learn from Each Other

Being in a classroom setting and being around classmates all the time affects the way children learn more than we think they do.

Sure, children learn a lot from their teachers. But during breaks and through interaction in class, they learn from their fellow classmates, too.

A group of children with strong social and emotional skills acts as kind of support group—constantly teaching and learning from each other, constantly developing and strengthening their social and emotional skills, finding strength in the way they interact with each other.

What Does a Social Emotional Curriculum for Kids Entail?

Just as schools are able to teach children math and science, they can do the same with SEL. Although an SEL curriculum will not teach children things that could get them high SAT scores, it’s still just as important—if not, more important than other curriculums as this prepares them for life in general.

What Children Can Develop

With a social emotional learning curriculum, kids are expected to develop strong social and emotional skills that will positively affect their goals, interaction and relationships with others, and overall decisions.

Emotion Management

An SEL curriculum teaches kids to effectively process and manage their emotions.

Students are taught to manage stress, control their impulses, and motivate themselves to set and achieve their goals.

Social Awareness

Socially aware kids are those who are able to understand and react well to social situations. They treat people with respect – regardless of their backgrounds, beliefs, cultural upbringing, etc.

With SEL, students practice empathy and react to different social situations with care and compassion.

Relationship Building

Kids are taught to interact with others effectively to build and maintain meaningful relationships.

Communication and comprehension skills are emphasized here – students are taught to speak and listen to others, to constructively negotiate or compromise when faced with conflicts, and to basically be a team player.

Decision Making

Kids are taught to make responsible decisions. This means that students should be able to take into account and evaluate all the pros and cons of their actions – they look at the consequences their actions may have on their community, their health and wellbeing, and the health and wellbeing of others.

What Challenges Block the Development of Social Emotional Learning Curriculums in Schools

Starting them young on SEL would mean the integration of these programs in schools.

However, despite all that society can benefit from promoting social emotional learning curriculums in schools, they are still not all that popular or at least being taken seriously.

Lack of Quantifiable Data

As the results of SEL curriculums do not necessarily have quantifiable results, it is easy to dismiss such programs as ineffective and a waste of time. Scholastic metrics are given more importance because of the implications they have on the performance of a school.

Also, being able to financially sustain an SEL curriculum would mean having to justify its implementation.

Believers of the effectiveness of an SEL curriculum are faced with this challenge – with little quantifiable results, how can they prove that such curriculum can effectively improve students’ performance in school and in society in general?

Lack of Stable Funding

Teachers and school leaders would have to be educated about SEL – building their expertise would not only be expensive but technically challenging, too!

The development of such programs doesn’t just happen overnight. In fact, they can take years. The consistent funding of such program despite not having any progress results-wise can be a difficult thing to sustain

Luckily, many SEL organizations offer affordable plans that schools can take advantage of to get started on setting up their own SEL curriculums. The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) also provides schools with great guides on how to efficiently sustain a proper social emotional learning curriculum.

With the help of these organizations, a future where we can all start our children young on SEL looks bright!

50-Year-Olds Can Have The Brains Of 25-Year-Olds If They Meditate At Least 15 Minutes A Day

50-Year-Olds Can Have The Brains Of 25-Year-Olds If They Meditate At Least 15 Minutes A Day

It has been proven that practicing yoga comes with many benefits for both our mental and physical health. That is probably one of the reasons why yoga has become one of the most common activities that most people nowadays engage in.

People who practice it have said that they do it because it helps them relax, stretch their bodies and eventually let their minds loose, if only for an hour.

However, it turns out that yoga does much more to our brains than just that.

Sara Lazar is a neuroscientist of yoga and meditation at the Mass General and Harvard School. She became interested in yoga and meditation shortly after she suffered injuries from running. The suggestion came from her therapist who told her that she needs to stretch more.

So, Lazar took up yoga.

“The yoga teacher made all sorts of claims, that yoga would increase your compassion and open your heart,” said Lazar.  Still, she didn’t really buy into all that. She only had one goal. To stretch and recuperate.

However, after a period of being an active yogi, Lazar started to notice that she was calmer than before. She felt like she is no longer afraid to handle a hard situation. This change of heart inspired her to research the scientific literature on mindfulness meditation. And what she found blew her mind. She came upon an ever-increasing body of evidence that explained how meditation actually decreases stress, reduces pain and increases the overall quality of life.

So, she started doing some research on her own. All in the name of neuroscience.

In her first study, she analyzed a group of long-term meditators (7-9 years of experience) versus a control group. The final results showed that the people who had a bigger experience with practicing yoga had increased gray matter in many important areas of the brain, including the sensory and auditory cortex, and also the insula and the sensory regions.

The was due to the fact that mindfulness meditation has a very calming and regenerative effect on both the body and the mind.

But that was not all. The neuroscientists also found that the meditators had more gray matter in another brain region which is linked to decision-making and working memory – the frontal cortex. While it is known that most people cortexes shrink as they age, 50-year-old meditators who participated in the study had the same amount of gray matter like the ones who were half their age.

Remarkable!

Still, Lazar and her team of neuroscientists wanted to make sure that these results were due to the fact that the meditators had more gray matter to begin with, so they decided to conduct another study. This time, they asked people with no meditation experience whatsoever to enroll in an eight-week of mindfulness program.

Guess what?

After eight weeks of meditating and practicing yoga, their brains were changed for the better. Several regions of their brains were thickened, including the hippocampus (responsible for learning, memory, emotional regulation), the TPJ (responsible for empathy and open-mindedness) and also a part of the brainstem called pons (responsible for generating regulatory transmitters).

Another thing that surprised Lazar and her team of neuroscientists was the fact that there was an evident shrinkage in the amygdala of the new meditators’ brains. This region is associated with fear, anxiety, and aggression. The reduction of the amygdala in their cases correlated to reduced stress levels.

The participants were asked to meditate for 40 minutes per day. The average amount of time they actually spend on yoga and meditating was 27 minutes. However, it is important to mention that other studies suggest that people can notice positive changes even If they do it 15-20 minutes a day.

As for her meditation routine, Lazar says “It’s highly variable. Some days 40 minutes. Some days five minutes. Some days, not at all. It’s a lot like exercise. Exercising three times a week is great. But if all you can do is just a little bit every day, that’s a good thing, too.”

There you go. Meditating or simply enjoying the silence on your own will not only help you relax, but it will also give you a new, improved brain. The one of a 25-year-old.

So, what are you waiting for?

The Reason Why Most Empaths Suffer From Adrenal Fatigue And Constant Exhaustion

Empaths Suffer From Adrenal Fatigue And Constant Exhaustion

We all know what it’s like to be completely drained or fatigued after a jam-packed day full of activities and responsibilities. Getting up at 8 am in the morning, riding your bike to work, working a full-time job, socializing with colleagues and customers, then riding back home to a pile of dirty dishes and many other household chores can be truly exhausting.

However, many of us don’t realize that sometimes mental and emotional exhaustion can be even harder to deal with. That is the reason why people with highly sensitive nature and empath personalities often suffer from adrenal fatigue and exhaustion.

For those of you who may not know, a person with an empath personality is someone who is extremely sensitive to people’s energies and emotions. Empaths have the power to absorb anything that others are dealing with, and because of that, they are known as healers. Experiencing sensory overload on a daily basis is the main reason why most empaths are introverted.

Judith Orloff, MD, the author of The Empath’s Survival Guide: Life Strategies for Sensitive People and also the member of the UCLA psychiatric clinical faculty is an expert in her field. In her book, she explains how being an empath is both a blessing and a curse.

The Reason Why Most Empaths Suffer From Adrenal Fatigue And Constant Exhaustion

According to her, empaths have the power to find deep compassion for others. But at the same time, all of those emotions and energies that they pick up on can have a really bad influence on their overall wellbeing. If physical stress drains the body then mental stress drains both the body and mind. That is exactly what most empaths go through on a daily basis.

If you are someone who can relate to this, here are a few effective steps that will definitely help you clear your thoughts and minimize exhaustion throughout the day:

1. Make those boundaries. Listen to what your body is telling you. Don’t be afraid to say NO, if you feel like it. Make this word your weapon and learn how to use it when you need to protect yourself from greedy, energy-sucking vampires.  Protecting your personal space and taking care of your wellbeing should be on top of your priorities.

2. Take time for meditation. Stop with what you are doing and try to calm yourself. If you are someone who has a busy schedule, do your best to take a few minutes out of your day to reflect on yourself and just breathe. Start meditating and see how your body and mind slowly calm in the process. But don’t just do it when you feel stressed. Make it a habit. Take a few hours out of your day and spend it on meditating.

3. Focus on self-care. Having an empath personality in a cruel world like ours is a real challenge and sometimes a curse. To be honest, realizing that you are the only person responsible for taking care of yourself makes it even scarier. But it is important to understand that if we don’t help ourselves, no one else will. You choose how you do it. The only thing that matters the most is your wellbeing. Meditation, personal boundaries, imaginary shield and an active work on yourself will definitely help you keep the exhaustion and fatigue at bay.  

Insights on What You Need to Know about the PsyD Program

If your background is Psychology and you want to expand your knowledge with your practice, then you may want to consider pursuing a doctoral degree in Psychology. This program will prepare the student to perform scientific research, professional psychological practice, or a combination of all these things. There are two major programs that most students receive, either a Doctor of Psychology or PysD degree or a Doctor of Philosophy or PhD degree. Each of these degrees will provide students with skills and knowledge in psychology. But you have to weigh your choice very carefully because there are major differences between the degrees. There are also differences when it comes to the training and the career plans of students who are earning either of these degrees.

A Short Background on the PysD Degree

The PsyD degree was introduced in the year 1970 as a practice-focused alternative to the PhD. The PysD program is generally intended for students and professionals who intend to provide psychological services instead of conducting research or work in the academe.

Professional schools of psychology are offering the PsyD degree and these may be affiliated with psychological research or teaching university. The students may also be contained in a stand-alone graduate school. The main focus of the PsyD program is to be able to train these postgraduate students in skills that they will be able to use in careers that will apply their scientific knowledge of psychology.                

The professional will then deliver services to groups, individuals or organizations. Most of the PsyD programs will require the student to prepare a thesis or a dissertation. The students can then use qualitative or quantitative techniques and methodologies to be able to show how specific psychological research can be applied to human behavior.              

Some Advantages and Disadvantages of PsyD Degree

The following are some advantages when taking a PsyD degree:

  • The student will have the opportunity to help people. The student will study the practical application of psychology and then put theories and therapeutic techniques in actual practice with patients. If you plan to become a licensed psychologist or counselor, then this is the program that you may want to pursue.
  • If you are one who enjoys practical psychology, PsyD programs will often look deeply at therapy techniques and serious mental disorders. So, it is possible that you may take courses in pharmacology, assessment and specific forms of therapy. You will also be needing to study clinical interviewing, psychometrics, behavioral training substance abuse, and mental trauma.
  • If you are one who does not want to do a dissertation, then taking up the PsyD program can be your preference. Most PsyD programs are ending with clinical work and an internship. You can also expect to be spending a year as an intern with a community center or a psychologist. Thus, while students in PhD programs are working in laboratories and libraries, you, on the other hand, will be working with patients and eventually put your skills to practical use.
  • There is less cost and less time involved. In a PsyD program, this can usually be completed within four years and is generally less expensive, the PhD, on the other hand, can take up to six or even eight years to finish.

The following, on the other hand, are the disadvantages when taking a PsyD degree:

  • There is only limited research. Because PsyD program mainly focuses on practice, and not the theory, which is of course, good, if you really want to become a practicing psychologist. So, in a PsyD program, you are going to be trained in the practical applications of the subject and not on things like data analysis and research methods. So, if you want your career to be in research or the academe, then perhaps you are more suited for a PhD, instead of PsyD. Furthermore, if you want to be working more in reading, researching and also writing about psychology, then still, a PhD degree is going to be a better fit. However, when you have a PsyD degree, then you are going to spend much more tie studying the mental health conditions, methods and assessment and modes of therapy.
  • There is only a limited theory. In most PhD programs, they offer a lot of concentrations for your psychological studies, so you could choose to study research, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, social psychology and more. The same mental health problems and therapy choices as the PsyD program will be examined in these courses, however, you will mostly focus on the theory and research with a PhD. So, if you feel that this is what you want, then you may want a PhD degree.
  • There is no dissertation. With a PsyD degree, it will culminate in a clinical internship instead of a research dissertation. So, if you want the latter, then you may want to pursue a PhD degree.
  • There is less recognition. With many others, the PsyD degree is also a legitimate doctoral degree, however, it is not as famous and as established as a PhD. There are also some professionals and academic that may view the PsyD program in some circles that they deem as less worthy than a PhD.
  • Possibility of more debt. This is because as compared to PhD students, there are only limited financial help when it comes to PsyD students. So, even if the PsyD degree is less expensive, you still can have more student debts.

Degree Specialties in PsyD Degrees

There are a lot of PsyD programs that cover all areas of psychology and psychotherapy, however, there are also some programs that do offer concentrations. Below are some concentrations:

  • The serious mental illness
  • The dialectical behavior therapy
  • The interventions with high-risk families

Furthermore, each of the PsyD programs will have its own curriculum, however many of the courses that you will take will be similar from program to program. Here are some required courses:

  • The Cognitive and Neuropsychological Assessment
  • The Advanced Adult Psychopathology
  • The Behavioral Assessment
  • The Behavior Analysis
  • The Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
  • The Developmental Psychology
  • The Personality Assessment
  • The Clinical Interviewing
  • The Assessment of Children
  • Ethics
  • The Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy
  • The Cognition, Perception and Cognitive Therapy
  • The Professional Development Seminar; and
  • Statistics

When it comes to the employment options of a PsyD degree holder, there are still many career options such as the following:

  • You can become a private practice psychologist. This is one of the most popular psychological professions because you will be working with patients in a number of settings to be able to deal with various mental health issues and personal problems.
  • You can become a hospital psychologist. This profession typically works in a management capacity in a healthcare facility wherein the management of other psychologists is involved.
  • You can become a counseling psychologist. There are many same jobs as a clinical psychologist which include providing psychotherapy and mental health treatment. In this profession, you will often work with clients with less severe types of mental health problems.
  • You can become an engineering psychologist who is one who works with companies to increase the efficiency and the profitability and at the same time eliminate safety concerns that can lead to liability.
  • You can become a forensic psychologist who works in the assessment and treatment of different types of criminals. You will also be working in the execution of criminal investigations.
  • You can become a correctional facility psychologist who is responsible for the managing of the psychological and mental health of the prisoners in a correctional facility. You will be working in training, dealing with mental concerns, motivations, including behavioral disorders.
  • You can become a clinical psychologist which is one of the most common and popular areas of psychology. They primarily work centers as to assessing behavioral problems and devising treatment plans that are going to be effective in working through programs that are related to serious mental illness.
  • You can become a school psychologist who will be monitoring the child’s performance and at the same time watch for signs that indicate that they need any help with their personal development and academic performance. You will also be working with the school, or the district and then diagnose behavior and the learning programs with children.

After you have completed your degree, whether you earn a PsyD or PhD, you are going to be required to obtain a license through your state’s licensing board so that you can practice as a psychologist. In some states, if you are employed at a college, university, state or federal institution, research lab or company, you may be exempt from taking licensure. This will then vary widely by state and it is going to be your responsibility to verify your own state’s examination from licensure.

Finally, in deciding as to what program you are really going to pursue, then this will ultimately boil down to what you really are passionate about. So if you prefer to obtain research training, and then work in academic practice, then you may want to choose the PhD degree. However, if you do not want to obtain research training but instead want to put your learnings to actual use, then the PsyD degree might be the right choice for you.

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